Institute of Mathematics for Industry


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An algebraic characterization of the Kronecker function

Hold Date 2018-06-15 16:00~2018-06-15 17:00

Place Lecture Room M W1-C-512, West Zone 1, Ito campus, Kyushu University

Object person  

Speaker Nils Matthes (Kyushu University)

In this work on elliptic functions, Kronecker introduced a meromorphic function $F_{¥tau}(u,v)$ of two complex variables $u$ and $v$ (with $¥tau$ in the upper half-plane) that can be expressed a quotient of Jacobi theta functions. About a century later, the function $F_{¥tau}(u,v)$ was rediscovered by Zagier who demonstrated its central role in the context of periods of modular forms for $¥Gamma:=PSL_2(¥mathbb{Z})$. The Kronecker function satisfies a three-term functional equation, the "Fay identity", which can be interpreted in terms of the cohomology of $¥Gamma$. We show that, conversely, any solution to the Fay identity which is meromorphic in a small neighborhood of $(0,0) ¥in ¥mathbb{C}^2$ belongs to a five-parameter family of deformations of $F_{¥tau}(u,v)$.